Domain Name Registration Process

Domain name registration is the act of reserving a name on the Internet for a certain period, usually one year. It is important to know that this domain will remain yours for as long as you renew it and there is no way to purchase a domain name forever.

Domain name registration is necessary for a website, an email or another web service. However you don’t have to always register a new domain name. Many companies allow you to use subdomains of their domain names for a website, or you can have an email with their primary domain (ex. yahoo.com, gmail.com).

The most important thing about a domain name registration is that it gives you personality and recognized identity. Once you register a domain name, the information about its owner is publicly available.

The price for a domain name registration varies greatly on its extension. For example, the most common .com is the most affordable one, while some country-specific domain name extensions are 5 times more expensive.

What Is Domain Name Backordering

Domain name backordering is a service that allows anyone to reserve a domain name in the event that the name is not yet available to the public. 

If there is a domain name you wish to use, but is currently owned by another party, you can submit a domain name backorder request to the registrar. The registrar will notify you when that domain expires and becomes publicly available again. 

However, this could also work on your domain name, if someone else should have interest in it. 

If you are looking for a domain name backordering service, you should look for a backorder serving that works with a few registrars. The more registrars mean better odds of a successful backorder.

Which TLD should I choose?

TLD, or Top-Level Domain, is the part of the domain name on the right of the dot (“.”). The most common TLDs are .com, .net, .org. 

There are the various types: 
gTLD – generic top level domain

  • .com
  • .org – typically for organizations
  • .net
  • .edu – restricted for post-secondary educational establishments
  • .mil – restricted for US military
  • .gov – restricted for US governments and agencies
  • .int – restricted for international organizations established by treaty

uTLD – unsponsored top level domains

  • .info – for informational sites
  • .name – for families and individuals
  • .biz – for businesses
  • .mobi – reserved for websites catering to mobile devices
  • .travel – reserved for travel agents, airlines, tourism bureaus and hoteliers

ccTLD – country code top level domains

  • .ca – for Canada
  • .uk – for the UK
  • .fr – for France
  • Almost every country has a country domain

When choosing your domain extension, decide if you are targeting a local country or if you are planning to go international. ccTLDs are an excellent choice if you need to market your business to a certain geographic region.

Domain Name Transfer

There may be many reasons why you want to transfer your domain name registration from one registrar to another: pricing, domain management and administration, services, customer support, etc. 

All domain name transfer requests must be initiated by the registrant or the Administrative Contact of the domain, and processed by the gaining registrar, the registrar whom you are transferring your domain to. 

The gaining registrar is required to obtain expressed authorization from the registrant or the Administrative Contact of the domain name. A transfer can only proceed upon the receipt of confirmation of transfer. This confirmation of transfer can be a physical authorization process or an electronic process. Regardless of the process, the confirmation of transfer needs to be validated with the domain’s “AuthInfo” code. 

The domain “AuthInfo” code is a unique code generated on a per-domain basis and is used for authorization or confirmation of a transfer request. 

The registrant can obtain the domain’s “AuthInfo” code from the losing registrar (the registrar whom you are transferring the domain away from). 

Before you proceed with a domain name transfer request, make sure:

  • The domain has been registered for at least 60 days with your current registrar. If you just recently registered or transferred your domain name, you will need to wait 60 days before applying for transfer.
  • The admin contact e-mail is valid, as this is where most registrars will send the confirmation of transfer and the domain “AuthInfo” code.
  • Domain name is not in protected/locked status.
  • Domain name is not in redemption status.
  • Domain name is not locked for either non-payment or at the owner’s request.
  • Domain name is not currently in dispute.
  • Domain name has not been deleted.

Does it matter where I purchase my domain name?

Once you have decided on the domain name you want to use, your next step is to choose a registrar for your domain name registration. 

Registrars vary in price, services offered, ease of use, management system, and more. 

A registrar is the company that takes your domain name registration information and reserves your domain from the main registry. 

When looking for a domain registrar, you should keep in mind:

  • PriceThe price you pay for your domain can vary greatly between registrars. When comparing prices, take into account the other services included by the registrar, their customer support, testimonies, etc.
  • AccreditationYour chosen registrar should be ICANN accredited. ICANN maintains a list of accredited domain registrars. If the domain you have chosen is a reseller of an accredited registrar, they should let you know which registrar they represent.
  • TermsTake the time to read and understand your domain registration terms. Pay attention to ownership clause and other terms of condition.
  • DurationDo not register your domain for more than one year in the beginning. That give you time to evaluation your registrar before further commitment, as well, allowing you time to evaluate your domain name in case you wish to use a different domain name.
  • DelayA domain name registration generally takes no more than 48 hours.
  • Transfer PolicyYou should be able to transfer your domain to another registrar without any restriction other than those enforced by ICANN. Check the registrar for other restrictions and curbs.
  • Customer SupportCheck if phone, chat or email support is available.
  • ManagementDoes the registrar provide a domain name management panel for you to manage your own domain name? Or do all changes have to go through them?

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